It had begun on January 1, 1994, when the Zapatista Army C Level Contact List of National Liberation ( ezln) tried to take seven municipal capitals of Chiapas and issued his famous Declaration of the Lacandona Jungle, in which he declared war on the Mexican C Level Contact List State. With the smooth talk of a university professor, his black balaclava and his headphones resting on his neck, Subcomandante Marcos knew how to combine centuries-old indigenous claims C Level Contact List with a series of studied symbolic gestures (the uprising, for example, occurred the same day that the the free trade agreement with the us) and a literary talent capable of articulating in a single speech peasant fables, images that referred to an idealized primitivism and subtle ironies against the consumer society, state repression and capitalism.
In the heat of Zapatismo, initiatives such as the C Level Contact List Association for the Taxation of Financial Transactions and for Citizen Action ( attac ), which proposed a tax on global financial transactions, emerged; the World Social Forum, a meeting of political C Level Contact List parties and social movements created in mirror image of the Davos Forum; and a series C Level Contact List of new theoretical approaches, among which the books by Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri and the globalophobic bestsellers by Naomi Klein stood out.two(Note that many of these reactions originated in First World countries, just like the soundtrack of those years, that of the Franco-Spanish artist Manu Chao).
But Zapatismo did not offer a path to follow, much C Level Contact List less a program; it barely functioned as an inorganic cultural avant-garde that concealed C Level Contact List its absolute absence of objectives with the phrases of Marcos, with a moving romantic C Level Contact List resonance but totally useless in political terms. Faced with the Zapatista proposal of "changing the world without taking power", the really existing left opposed the path, at least more concrete, of elections. In some cases, he came to power after years of patient party and territorial construction.